Just to remind you, diuretics are a group of composites that either arouse or constrain various hormones that occur in the organism to control urine production by the kidneys. They can be classified by many criteria but for effective body building, you need to know the classification below.
It is based on their mechanisms of action. Examples are also provided. It is also important to know what vasopressin is. That is a hormone which increases water permeability of the kidney collecting duct.
- The first group and most common group includes, of course, liquids like water, tea, juice and different types of alcohol. The mechanism is clear to everyone – there is more liquid in the body and that accelerates the urine production or, chemically, they inhibit vasopressin secretion. If you prepare for a competition, you do need to decrease seriously the intake of liquids. However, if you do not, find your optimal intake and do not go much over or below it.
- The second group are acidifying salts which decrease the thirst. The examples are calcium chloride, CaCl2, which is a salt of calcium and chlorine and ammonium chloride, NH4Cl.
- The third group are arginine vasopressin receptor 2 antagonists, which inhibit vasopressin’s action. Substances like amphotericin B increase the urine excretion.
- The fourth group are aquaretics like juniper and goldenrod which increase the blood flow in the kidneys and consequently the urine production.
- The fifth group are carbonic anhydrase inhibitors which suppress the action of carbonic anhydrase. Examples are methazolamide, acetazolamide and topiramate.
- Group number six goes to loop diuretics, which are called so because they ascend from the loop of Henle. Shortly, loop diuretics like furosemide, bumetanide, ethacrynic acid and torsemide do not allow the urine to get concentrated and stop the production of a hypertonic renal medulla and the result is higher urine excretion.
- The seventh group are osmotic diuretics like glucose, isosorbide and mannitol which inhibit reabsorption of water and Na.
- Group number eight are potassium-sparing diuretics like amiloride, triamterene and potassium canrenoate which do not allow the secretion of potassium into the urine and thus, they increase urine production.
- Then, number nine comes with thiazides like bendroflumethiazide and hydrochlorothiazide which inhibit reabsorption of Na+ and Cl? ions in the kidney.
- The last group is for xanthines like xanthine, caffeine, theophylline, theobromine which also inhibit reabsorption of Na and thus have the same urine increasing result.
We also should point out the main adverse effects of diuretics. They are namely: hypovolemia, hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, metabolic alkalosis, metabolic acidosis and hyperuricemia. They are not common if you do not exceed the intake of diuretics of any of the groups. We also need to remind you that there are new and new products produced.
Always be sure to check what their content is so that you know to which group refer so that you know how they affect your organism.
Be Careful With Diuretics
Do you want to have a harmonious, well-balanced body without any fat or unnecessary water in it? And you wonder how the professional body builders achieve that? The fact is that most body builders do achieve such a form only 2-3 times a year only when they compete. In order to do that, they take a lot of diuretics which decrease the level of water in the body.
Needless to say, that makes the muscles more visible and that is by no means the natural state of the body even when it comes to professional body builders with years of experience. Many body builders have so little water left in their bodies that their upper and lower lips often stick together.
Do you think that this is normal? Well, I have news for you – it is not.
It is a condition which can be sustained for short time and even then, it is damaging for the body in the long term. But still, there are so many people who have heard that pills can help them to lose weight and make their muscles more visible, exactly like the professional body builders.
Many people have no idea what they take and just take pills about which some friend of theirs was excited and recommended them.
Well, that is not particularly smart.
A lot of these people take diuretics and even do not know that these medicines are called diuretics. So what remains to know the differences between different types of diuretics and their different effects?
So What Is A Diuretic?
Diuretics are different medicaments which increase the rate of urination and in this way, decrease the water in the body.
They do NOT burn fat in the body.
There are various types of diuretics which have different effects, different dose and last but not least, different side effects. In fact, diuretics can be quite helpful and useful when one has urination problems and can significantly improve the health condition. In other words, your body will start losing water faster and thus, you will lose weight.
Do not expect that you will lose fat though – you will lose water as we mentioned several times. And since there is some limit to which you can afford dehydrating your body, you should not step over it. For example, the percentage of water in the body is specific and optimal for everyone with numbers ranging from 60 % to 75 % according to different scientists.
So imagine what would happen if you suddenly drop that percentage to let’s say 45 % within weeks and try to keep it that low permanently. It just will not happen unless you heavily damage your health… permanently. So be sure to know your limits – you can afford losing some water but not too much or not if it is too much, you cannot sustain that very long.